Injuries and tooth fractures are common and treatment depends on the extent of the damage.
In case of cracks that do not extend below the tooth enamel, we apply minimally invasive treatments such as polishing and enameling. They are simple and painless treatments that do not even require local anesthesia.
At larger fractures, and depending on the size of the damage, we use fillings, inlays or onlays. If fracture extends to the pulp and the roots, you will need endodontic treatment and a crown.
We can also use an axe A solution for broken, denervated teeth is the axes that hold either the seal or the case if there is a large tooth loss.
Fillings are used to restore the morphology of the tooth in case of caries, fractures or other damage. They are distinguished in direct and indirect fillings.
This is the common filling that is placed in the cavity of the tooth in situ on a visit.
After preparing the tooth, dentist thoroughly cleans the cavity and begins to lay the filling material in layers. At the end of the process, he gives the seal the proper shape. Direct fillings are made of composite resin or amalgam.
Indirect fillings include inlays and onlays. They are placed in two phases because they must first be fabricated by a dental technician. They are made of porcelain – which excels aesthetically – or of resin.
Inlays are preferred when there are extensive damages on the surface of the molars or precursors that can not be covered by a simple filling, but at the same time it is not necessary to place a crown.
The dentist cleans the cavity from caries or remains of old fillings and prepares the area to accept the inlay. Subsequently, he takes dental impressions, which are sent to the dental laboratory. Once the inlay is ready, it is cemented into place with special materials and the dentist checks whether it fits properly.
Οnlays require the same procedure but they cover a larger part of the tooth surface and extend over the cusps of the treated tooth.